The lumpy skin disease (LSD) is an infectious disease of cattle resulting from insects bites. Firsts symptoms of LSD are a fever of 40 to 41.5 °C with lachrymation which happened almost systematically plus sometimes an anorexia, a depression and a reluctance to move. After this first symptoms, the most easy to see develop: skin lesions. As its told in the name of this disease; skin lumps develop mainly on the head (including muzzle and mouth), neck, perineum, udder, genitalia or limbs. The lesions manifest themselves as spot areas of abnormal hair, measuring from 1 to 5 cm in diameter. This lesions take place in all tissus including epidermis, dermis and subcutis. In the worst case, lump could go deeper and can impact the muscle tissu.
LSD was firstly observed on the African continent in the year 30s-40s but it has been moving up to Eastern Europe and western Europe. First case were observed in Greece and Turkey 4 years ago and more recently some LSD case were observed in Bulgaria and surrounding countries. The map bellow show clearly the evolution of LSD in Europe with a propagation coming from East and going to West:
Unfortunately there is no specific treatment against the LSD. Once an animal is infected, only a massive antiobiotherapy could be done in order to prevent secondary infection resulting from and advanced stage of LSD.
Prevention is the only solution to avoid LSD contamination. For that, attenuated vaccine could be used.
Another option is to prevent insects bites using repulsive. Thanks to its high content in garlic extract, PHYSIOLick PEACE is the preventive solution for your herd! Garlic of licking bucket is transferred to sweat of animals which will act as an insect repellent. Less insect bites leading to a reduction of LSD risk!
As well, PHYSIOLick SKIN will help to reinforce skin and hair quality and thus, makes the biting from insects more difficult.
To know more about the LSD click on the following link to read FAO’s article: Lumpy skin disease of cattle: A growing problem in Africa and the Near East